1968–71: studies at Reed College in Portland, Oregon (courses include calligraphy under Lloyd Reynolds and Robert Paladino). 1975: studies at the Martha Graham School and the Alwin Nikolai School in New York (modern dance). 1976: studies at the School of Visual Arts in New York (including lettering with Ephram E. Benguiat). 1979: studies at the Rochester Institute of Technology in Rochester, New York (courses include calligraphy and type design with Hermann Zapf). Calligraphic and lettering work is printed in numerous magazines. 1976: founds the Bigelow & Holmes company with Charles Bigelow.
Fonts: Holmes has designed over 75 fonts, including Leviathan (1979), Shannon™ (with Janice Prescott, 1982), Baskerville® (Revival, 1982), Caslon (Revival, 1982), ITC Isadora® (1983), Sierra™ (1983), Lucida® (with Charles Bigelow, 1985), Galileo (1987), Apple New York (1991), Apple Monaco (1991), Apple Chancery (1994) and Kolibri (1994).
* TYPOGRAPHY – An Encyclopedic Survey of Type Design and Techniques Throughout History by Friedrich Friedl, Nicolaus Ott (Editor), Bernard Stein, published by Könemann Verlagsgesellschaft mbH.